The Process Through Which Family Engagement Leads to Positive Student Outcomes

Dr. Kathleen Hoover-Dempsey and Dr. Howard Sandler from Vanderbilt University developed a visual to explain their theory about the process through which family engagement leads to positive student outcomes. This visual is based on a review of decades of research on family engagement in education. The visual and summary we are sharing here is meant to provide a basic understanding of their theory. Structured in five levels, the visual addresses three essential questions:

  1. Why do (and don’t) families become involved?
  2. What do families do when they are involved?
  3. How does family involvement make a positive difference in student outcomes?
Please share:

You may also like...

Ohio Parents and Caregivers -- Click Here to Apply to be on our Advisory Council in 2021 -- Applications Due November 26, 2020

We are now recruiting Ohio parents and caregivers of Ohio children from birth to grade 12 to be members of our advisory council beginning in January 2021!

Click here to download the English version of the application and share with families in your community.

Click here to download the Spanish version of the application and share with families in your community.

Applications are due by November 26, 2020, and can be emailed as an attachment to

To read more about the work of the council, visit our state advisory council web page.

Please share: