The Process Through Which Family Engagement Leads to Positive Student Outcomes
Dr. Kathleen Hoover-Dempsey and Dr. Howard Sandler from Vanderbilt University developed a visual to explain their theory about the process through which family engagement leads to positive student outcomes. This visual is based on a review of decades of research on family engagement in education. The visual and summary we are sharing here is meant to provide a basic understanding of their theory. Structured in five levels, the visual addresses three essential questions:
- Why do (and don’t) families become involved?
- What do families do when they are involved?
- How does family involvement make a positive difference in student outcomes?